Xoloitzcuintli: A Comprehensive Guide to the Breed’s Characteristics, Temperament and Care
Xoloitzcuintli, pronounced “show-low-eats-QUEENT-lee” and often referred to as simply Xolos or Mexican Hairless Dogs, is an ancient Aztec breed that has a storied, centuries-old heritage. While Xoloitzcuintli are an unusual breed that are still relatively rare today, they’re becoming more popular with owners who appreciate the breed’s unusual looks, gentle and loving personality, and loyalty.
- Appearance: Xoloitzcuintli come in three sizes- toy, miniature, and standard- and three varieties- coated, hairless and intermediate coated. The hairless variety is completely bald, with its skin being either black, gray, bronze, or red. The coated variety has a short, coarse, and flat coat on its body.
- Size: Toy Xoloitzcuintli typically reach up to 13-14 inches in height and 8-15 pounds in weight; miniature Xoloitzcuintli usually reach 14-16 inches in height and 15-30 pounds in weight; standard Xoloitzcuintli typically measure 17-18 inches in height and 30-55 pounds in weight.
Xoloitzcuintli are devoted, loyal, gentle, and loving dogs. They’re generally quite healthy and low maintenance, although they do require extra care in certain areas due to their lack of hair. Xoloitzcuintli are not known to be barkers but can be quite vocal in their own unique way. These dogs can make excellent companions for both single people and families.
Xoloitzcuintli have some special needs that must be met when caring for them. These include:
- Proper nutrition: Xolos burn more energy than other breeds due to their lack of hair, so they need a nutritious and balanced diet that is formulated specifically for their size, age and activity level.
- Sun protection: Hairless Xoloitzcuintli are especially prone to sunburn. Make sure to purchase dog-safe sunscreen and regularly apply it to your pup in order to keep their skin healthy.
- Winter care: Xoloitzcuintli need to be kept warm in cold temperatures. Dress them in a sweaters or coats, and place blankets near their bedding for added warmth.
Xoloitzcuintli are unique and fascinating dogs that can make wonderful companions for the right person. While they may require a bit more care than other breeds, the rewards are worth the effort. With the right nutrition and attention to sun protection, Xolos can be healthy and happy lifelong friends.