Treating Diabetes in Dogs
Diabetes is a serious condition that requires immediate medical care. If you think your dog may be suffering from diabetes, it is important to take them to your veterinarian right away. With the proper treatment and care, most dogs with diabetes can lead a full and active life.
Proper diagnosis of diabetes can be difficult and time consuming. Your veterinarian may make a presumptive diagnosis without diagnostic testing, or may do further tests to confirm the diagnosis. Some of the diagnostic tests may include a urine glucose test, a blood glucose test, a glucose tolerance test, a fructosamine test, and/or a pancreatic biopsy.
The goals of treatment for a diabetic dog are to maintain a normal blood glucose level, and to avoid secondary complications. Your veterinarian will create a treatment plan tailored to your individual pet that may include:
- Diet: Specialized diets that are low in carbohydrates and higher in protein and healthy fats may be prescribed.
- Insulin: Insulin injections are usually required, and may need to be given several times a day.
- Exercise: Exercise can help regulate the amount of insulin your dog requires, regulate blood sugar levels and help your pet maintain a healthy weight.
- Monitoring: Regular blood and urine tests may be needed to monitor your dog’s condition.
- Medication: Medication may be prescribed to help manage side effects or to treat any secondary conditions.
With the proper treatment and care, most dogs with diabetes can lead a long and active life. Consulting with your veterinarian will help ensure that you are providing the best care possible for your pet.